The Union Cabinet has approved the National Education Policy 2020 on July 29th, which is the first education policy of the 21st century. This replaces the 34 years old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986.
This is the third education policy brought in by the Indian Government for raising the Indian education standards. This policy requires further regulation from the center and state. However, it is still the policy which is to be followed and not the law. Here are a few points which are the benefits in the policy:
New pedagogical structure for school education-
The earlier structure being 10+2, the new education policy will replace the old one with 5+3+3+4 curricular structure. This means the new structure will correspond to the age of the child i.e. 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, 14-18 years. The change in structure will not change the years a child spends in school.
Mother tongue as a medium of instruction-
This is said to be made compulsory till either class 5 or 8. Mother tongue will be used to teach children in order for them to grasp the knowledge better. This move is inspired by observing the same in other European countries as well.
Bagless days and informal internships-
In this, students get to participate in a 10 days bagless period. These days, they will get to intern with local vocational experts like carpenters, gardeners, artists, etc. This was formed to make the society accept these works with respect and newer outlooks.
Coding for kids-
Children will now be able to learn coding from around class 6. This was inspired by Chinese education policies making the Indian students at par with the Chinese.
The compartmentalization of students post class 10 to either Science, Commerce or Arts will be replaced. They can now choose courses from streams as per their interest. Bachelor’s programs will also be multidisciplinary without any further division into Science or Arts.
Aptitude based learning :
The new policy aslo introduced Aptitude-based learning which is more intriguing since it includes eight different kinds of intelligences (rather than only one) observed in pupils and people. It’s the least practiced because society has, on the entire – been putting a great deal of focus on Intelligence Quotient (IQ), which entails two kinds (plausible, visual/spatial) of those eight kinds of intelligences.
Higher education to foreign players-
The new policy suggests that the Top 100 education institutions will now be encouraged to set up campuses in India. This will reduce the brain drain that has been occuring in the country for the past few years. A similar policy has been started in the UAE as well.
Common entrance tests for colleges-
Students will now be evaluated on SAT like tests (common in the USA) for their eligibility. These tests are to be held twice a year.
4 year bachelor degree-
This does not necessarily make the degree period longer, but provides options for students to change degrees if not comfortable. A student will be allowed to drop. They will also be certified with a diploma on the number of years completed. Students of 3 years dropping out will receive the degree only missing out on the research opportunity in the final year.
To conclude, India in 2020 is supporting the concept of practical knowledge more than the bookish one. This as a result is giving rise to a new education system that the country deserves.
Parevartan School is a CBSE school in ghaziabad which is determined to give the best education to the students. Although, these guidelines are currently introduced, Parevartan School is awaiting for the guidelines to be impemented. As for now, these guidelines were shared here to create an awareness of the same. For more details, contact us.